Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary is a small part of Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve. Spread over an extensive area of 344 sq. km., it is one of the most beautiful natural environs. Established in 1973, the Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary is formed merging the Nagarhole and Bandipur of Karnataka on the Northeast and Mudumalai of Tamil Nadu on the Southeast.
The huge expanse of the National Park is home to paddy fields, coffee, rubber and cardamom plantations. The sanctuary has an interesting history. The nature blessed region is home to many tribal settlements. They live in peace with Mother Nature since centuries.
Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary is famous for being the home for numerous species of flora, fauna and avi-fauna some of which are classified as Western Ghats endemics. The sanctuary comprises of deciduous trees like maruthi, karimaruthi, rosewood, venteak, vengal, chadachi, mazhukanjiram, bamboos, and semi-evergreen patches. Through the forest passes the mountain stream called Kakkayam River. It is home to 45 species of mammals that include 6 Western Ghats endemics. The fauna spotted here comprise of Elephants. Bears, Monitor Lizards, Tigers, Panthers, Civet Cats, Monkeys, Wild Dogs, Deer, Bisons, etc. 203 species are found here. Babblers, Owls, Jungle Fowls, Peacocks, Cuckoos, Woodpeckers, can be easily spotted. 45 species of reptiles including 8 the King Cobra, the largest venomous snake in the world is also spotted here. 30 species of amphibians, 52 species of Fishes, 143 species of butterflies and 51 species of Dragon flies are reported from the region.
The terrains of the wildlife sanctuary can be best explored with elephant or jeep safari. The sanctuary has fixed timings and safety measures for visitors.
August to February is the best time to visit. The national park is full of life during monsoon. In the season of rain, group of elephants roam around the forest. Muthanga region in Wayanad area is great for elephant sightings.